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Structure and function: joints and connective tissue 

Structure and function: joints and connective tissue

Chapter:
Structure and function: joints and connective tissue
Author(s):

Tim E. Cawston

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.1901
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date: 19 August 2017

The joint is a discrete unit that consists of cartilage, bone, tendon, and ligaments. Tendon consists of a matrix mainly made of collagen; bone consists of a mineralized collagen matrix; and cartilage is made up of collagens, proteoglycans, and specialized glycoproteins. Many studies have focused on single tissues of the joint, rather than regarding the joint as an organ made up of cartilage, bone, tendon, and muscle: future studies would benefit from an integrated approach....

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