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Disorders of the thoracic cage and diaphragm 

Disorders of the thoracic cage and diaphragm

Chapter:
Disorders of the thoracic cage and diaphragm
Author(s):

John M. Shneerson

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.1818_update_001

May 30, 2013: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

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date: 27 June 2017

Disorders of the thoracic skeleton—these can lead to a severe restrictive ventilatory defect, the risk of respiratory failure being highest with (1) scoliosis—particularly if the following characteristics are present: early onset, severe angulation, high in the thorax, respiratory muscle weakness, low vital capacity; (2) kyphosis—but only if of very sharp angulation (gibbus), most commonly seen following tuberculous osteomyelitis; and (3) after thoracoplasty—historically performed as treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis....

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