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Thoracic imaging 

Thoracic imaging

Chapter:
Thoracic imaging
Author(s):

Susan J. Copley

and David M. Hansell

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.180302_update_001

Update:

Chest radiography—description of radiographic techniques modified to include advances in X-ray detector technology, digital tomosynthesis, and other emerging techniques.

Transthoracic ultrasonography—description of usage expanded to include detection of pneumothoraces and supraclavicular node sampling in lung cancer.

CT—description modified to include (1) dual energy CT, (2) use in screening.

MRI—description updated to include diffusion weighted MR.

Updated on 30 May 2013. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 23 May 2017

Radiographic findings should always be interpreted in conjunction with the clinical picture.

Chest radiography—this remains the commonest technique in the investigation of suspected thoracic disease. Advantages are cost, availability, and a significantly lower radiation dose than CT, but even with optimal technique nearly one-third of the lungs are partially obscured by the overlying mediastinum, diaphragm, and ribs....

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