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Acute respiratory failure 

Acute respiratory failure
Chapter:
Acute respiratory failure
Author(s):

Susannah Leaver

and Timothy Evans

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.1705_update_004

Update:

Management—new protocol for management of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (according to Berlin definitions); discussion of new data relating to effects of PEEP and prone positioning on outcome.

Updated on 29 May 2014. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 22 October 2017

Acute respiratory failure is defined clinically by hypoxaemia (PaO2 <8 kPa, normal range 10–13.3 kPa) with (type 2) or without (type 1) hypercapnia (PaCO2 >6.5 kPa). It is one of the most common problems afflicting the severely ill patient and often necessitates intensive care unit admission....

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