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Essential hypertension—definition, epidemiology, and pathophysiology 

Essential hypertension—definition, epidemiology, and pathophysiology

Chapter:
Essential hypertension—definition, epidemiology, and pathophysiology
Author(s):

Bryan Williams

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.161701_update_001

Update:

Definitions – increasing use of automated home BP readings and ambulatory BP measurements to diagnose hypertension. Epidemiology – recognition that automated home BP and ambulatory BP measurements predict cardiovascular events better than does office BP monitoring.

Updated on 29 Oct 2015. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 22 August 2017

‘Essential hypertension’ is high blood pressure for which there is no clearly defined aetiology. From a practical perspective, it is best defined as that level of blood pressure at which treatment to lower blood pressure results in significant clinical benefit—a level which will vary from patient to patient depending on their absolute cardiovascular risk....

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