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Cardiac disease in HIV infection 

Cardiac disease in HIV infection

Chapter:
Cardiac disease in HIV infection
Author(s):

Peter F. Currie

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.160903_update_002

Update:

Management – comments on cardiac transplantation, and on potential interaction between clopidogrel and etravirine.

Updated on 27 Nov 2014. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 22 August 2017

Symptomatic heart disease can affect up to 10% of HIV-positive patients and cause death in around 2%. Echocardiographic screening is recommended.

In resource-poor countries where access to antiretroviral drugs is limited the typical manifestations are (1) HIV heart-muscle disease—this occurs in the late stages of HIV infection, with dilated cardiomyopathy having a dismal prognosis, the median survival after diagnosis being about 100 days; angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and ...

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