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Cirrhosis and ascites 

Cirrhosis and ascites
Chapter:
Cirrhosis and ascites
Author(s):

Kevin Moore

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.152203

A relevant case history from Oxford Case Histories in Gastroenterology and Hepatology has been added to this chapter.

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date: 20 September 2017

Case History—A 39 yr old man, known to have Wilson’s disease, now presenting with abdominal distension.

Ascites is the accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity: 75% of cases are associated with cirrhosis, but there are many other causes, of which the commonest are malignancy and cardiac failure. The occurrence of ascites in patients with cirrhosis is associated with a poor prognosis, with survival around 50% at 1 to 2 years....

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