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Benign breast disease 

Benign breast disease
Chapter:
Benign breast disease
Author(s):

P. Jane Clarke

and R. Fiddes

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.130804_update_001

Update:

Chapter reviewed June 2011—minor alterations made, in particular to emphasize indications for investigation and/or specialist referral.

Updated on 30 Nov 2011. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 22 September 2017

Benign conditions of the breast are very common, but they cause great anxiety, often leading the patient to be concerned that she has breast cancer. Symptoms may include: (1) a mass in the breast, commonly due to fibroadenoma, benign cystic change, or macrocysts; (2) mastalgia; and (3) discharge from the nipple, which may be caused by hyperprolactinaemia, intraduct papilloma, or duct ectasia. Management involves exclusion of malignancy, often by triple assessment of any palpable abnormality (for clinical examination, radiological and pathological assessment, see ...

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