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Artificial nutrition support 

Artificial nutrition support
Chapter:
Artificial nutrition support
Author(s):

Jeremy Woodward

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.1106

May 29, 2014: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

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date: 18 October 2017

The prevalence and importance of malnutrition in affluent societies is under-recognized, and nutritional status is a major predictor of outcome for most diseases.

Nutrition screening identifies patients at risk of malnutrition and should be performed in all clinical areas: this requires evaluation of events in the past (recent weight loss); present (current body mass index (BMI) and clinical signs of malnutrition); and future (current nutrient intake and foreseeable likely causes of reduced intake). A BMI of less than 18.5 kg/m...

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