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Vibration 

Vibration
Chapter:
Vibration
Author(s):

Tar-Ching Aw

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.0905011

July 30, 2015: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

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date: 24 November 2017

Various occupations can lead to exposure to vibration, which can be transmitted to the whole body or localized to the hands. The main clinical effect of whole body vibration exposure is low back pain. Effects from hand-transmitted vibration can be (1) vascular, with manifestations of secondary Raynaud’s phenomenon; (2) neurological, often presenting as paraesthesia and reduced sensory perception; and (3) musculoskeletal, including reduced grip strength and loss of manual dexterity. Management requires exclusion of differential diagnoses, and the identification and reduction of exposure to vibration at source. Diagnosis of an index case should prompt further investigation and (if possible) modification of the workplace to prevent other cases....

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