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Epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections 

Epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections

Chapter:
Epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections
Author(s):

David Mabey

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.0801

May 30, 2013: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

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date: 19 August 2017

Although accurate incidence figures are not available in most countries, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) (excluding HIV) are estimated to cause more than 5% of the global burden of disease. The burden falls especially heavily on women and infants, with more than half a million perinatal deaths attributable to syphilis annually. Mobile populations, those with many sexual partners, and those whose partners have many partners are at increased risk, and the prevalence of treatable STIs is many times higher in poor populations, who often lack access to effective treatment. Other STIs, especially those that cause genital ulceration, increase the risk of HIV transmission....

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