Show Summary Details
Page of

Lung flukes (paragonimiasis) 

Lung flukes (paragonimiasis)

Chapter:
Lung flukes (paragonimiasis)
Author(s):

Udomsak Silachamroon

and Sirivan Vanijanonta

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.071103_update_001

Update:

Epidemiology—Paragonimus kellicotti emerging pathogen in the United States of America.

Investigation—Ziehl–Neelsen staining superior to wet smear for detecting ova in sputum.

Updated on 31 May 2012. The previous version of this content can be found here.
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 22 June 2017

Paragonimiasis is an infection by flukes of the genus Paragonimus, with foci of disease in Asia, Africa, and Central and South America. Humans acquire infection by eating metacercariae in improperly cooked freshwater crabs or crayfish. Acute inflammatory and allergic symptoms are rarely serious and usually resolve spontaneously. Chronic manifestations may be (1) pulmonary—most remarkably with a chronic, productive cough with jam-like, brownish-red sputum; and (2) extrapulmonary—most importantly in the central nervous system, often presenting with seizures. Diagnosis is by demonstrating ova in sputum, stool, or pleural fluid. Serology can be used to support the diagnosis, especially in extrapulmonary paragonimiasis. Treatment with praziquantel is almost always effective. Prevention is by health education and the mass treatment of infected people in an endemic area....

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.