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Human African trypanosomiasis 

Human African trypanosomiasis

Chapter:
Human African trypanosomiasis
Author(s):

August Stich

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070810_update_001

Update:

Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense—clinical differences between stage II patients in Uganda and Tanzania.

Updated on 31 May 2012. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 24 May 2017

Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT, sleeping sickness) is caused by two subspecies of the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei: T. b. rhodesiense is prevalent in East Africa among many wild and domestic mammals; T. b. gambiense causes an anthroponosis in Central and West Africa. The disease is restricted to tropical Africa where it is transmitted by the bite of infected tsetse flies (...

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