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Blastocystis hominis infection 

Blastocystis hominis infection

Chapter:
Blastocystis hominis infection
Author(s):

Richard Knight

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070809_update_001

Update:

Pathology—possible pathological and clinical evidence of tissue invasion.

Epidemiology—pigs, cattle, nonhuman primates, and birds (including chickens and ducks) are important zoonotic sources.

Updated on 31 May 2012. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 24 May 2017

Blastocystis hominis is an anaerobic unicellular non-invasive colonic parasite of animals and humans. It is transmitted faeco-orally, with human infection associated with travel, institutions, animal handlers and immunodeficiency. Case reports strongly suggest that it causes a self-limited diarrhoeal illness. Diagnosis is by microscopic examination of faecal smears or concentrates. A trial of treatment with metronidazole is justified in patients who are immunocompromised, also when symptoms are prolonged....

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