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Amoebic infections 

Amoebic infections

Chapter:
Amoebic infections
Author(s):

Richard Knight

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070801_update_001

Update:

Epidemiology—Increasing importance of free living amoebae as agents of serious disease.

Clinical—Acanthamoeba and Balamuthia as causes of encephalitis in patients receiving transplants of organs and tissues.

Updated on 31 May 2012. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 23 August 2017

Two very different groups of amoebic species infect humans. (1) Obligate anaerobic gut parasites—including the major pathogen Entamoeba histolytica, Dientamoeba fragilis (which causes relatively mild colonic involvement with diarrhoea), and eight non-pathogenic species including Entamoeba dispar. (2) Aerobic free-living, water and soil amoebae—these can become facultative tissue parasites in humans after cysts or trophozoites are inhaled, ingested, or enter damaged skin or mucosae....

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