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Pneumocystis jirovecii 

Pneumocystis jirovecii
Chapter:
Pneumocystis jirovecii
Author(s):

Robert F. Miller

and Laurence Huang

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070705_update_001

July 30, 2015: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

Update:

Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy associated with reduced mortality in HIV-infected patients presenting with opportunistic infections.

Updated on 31 May 2012. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 22 October 2017

The ascomycete fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii (previously called Pneumocystis carinii) is the cause of pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in humans, which occurs largely among people with impaired CD4+ T-lymphocyte function or numbers, e.g those infected with HIV, or organ transplant recipients taking therapeutic immunosuppressive agents. The organism is restricted to humans, and disease is now thought to arise from ...

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