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Fungal infections 

Fungal infections
Chapter:
Fungal infections
Author(s):

Roderick J. Hay

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070701_update_003

Update: This chapter was reviewed in December 2014 and minor changes made.

Updated on 30 Jul 2015. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 18 October 2017

The mycoses are disorders caused by fungi, which are saprophytic or parasitic organisms found in every continent and environment. Many are common commensals in nature, but others cause agricultural disease. The mycoses that are human infections include diseases ranging from those that are worldwide and common, such as dermatophytosis and candida infections, to those that are rare and often potentially life threatening, e.g. histoplasmosis. In humans, fungi usually adopt one of two morphologies: (1) the yeast form—where individual cells produce daughter cells by a process of budding and subsequently separate; or (2) the hyphal form—where cells do not separate but multiply to produce chains of cells joined end to end....

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