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Scrub typhus 

Scrub typhus

Chapter:
Scrub typhus
Author(s):

George Watt

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070640_update_001

Update:

Epidemiology—increasing reports from India.

Clinical—importance of meningoencephalitis, especially in children.

Diagnosis—new immunochromatographic and PCR methods.

Treatment—inadequacy of oral doxycycline in severe disease.

Updated on 31 May 2012. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 27 May 2017

Scrub typhus (tsutsugamushi fever) is a zoonosis of rural Asia and the western Pacific islands that is caused by the obligate Gram-negative intracellular bacterium Orientia (formerly Rickettsia) tsutsugamushi, which is transmitted (typically from rats) to humans by the bite of a larval leptotrombidium mite (chigger). More than a billion people are at risk and more than a million cases are transmitted annually, making it the commonest rickettsial disease....

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