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Leptospirosis 

Leptospirosis

Chapter:
Leptospirosis
Author(s):

George Watt

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070634_update_001

Update:

Epidemiology—recent Sri Lanka epizootic.

Diagnosis—PCR and serological methods.

Updated on 31 May 2012. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 23 May 2017

Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonosis of greatest importance in the tropics that is caused by spirochaetes of the 16 species of the genus Leptospira. Rodents are the most important reservoir, with transmission of infection usually occurring through contact with contaminated water or moist soil. Organisms enter the human body through abrasions of the skin or through mucosal surfaces....

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