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Plague: Yersinia pestis 

Plague: Yersinia pestis

Chapter:
Plague: Yersinia pestis
Author(s):

Michael B. Prentice

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070616_update_001

Update:

Areas of uncertainty or controversy—advances in ancient DNA sequencing have firmly established Yersinia pestis as the cause of the Black Death.

Further reading—references updated, ancient DNA references added.

Updated on 31 May 2012. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 28 June 2017

Bubonic plague is a flea-borne zoonosis caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Yersinia pestis, which mainly affects small burrowing mammals including domestic rats. Human disease occurs in endemic countries—currently mainly in Africa (including Madagascar)—following bites from fleas recently hosted by a bacteraemic animal. Historical use of ...

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