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Streptococci and enterococci 

Streptococci and enterococci

Chapter:
Streptococci and enterococci
Author(s):

Dennis L. Stevens

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070602_update_001

Update:

Changes in epidemiology of invasive group B streptococcal disease.

Risk factors and prevention strategies for early-onset neonatal group B streptococcal disease.

Additions to Further reading.

Updated on 31 May 2012. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 20 July 2017

The streptococci are a diverse group of Gram-positive pathogenic cocci that cause clinical disease in humans and domestic animals. They are traditionally classified on the basis of serological reactions, particularly Lancefield grouping based on cell-wall carbohydrates, and haemolytic activity on blood agar. Six groups can be defined by genetic analysis: pyogenic streptococci, milleri or anginosus group, mitis group, salivarius group, mutans group, and bovis group....

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