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Rubella 

Rubella

Chapter:
Rubella
Author(s):

P.A. Tookey

and J.M. Best

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070513_update_002

July 30, 2015: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

Update:

Epidemiology and prevention in Africa and other developing regions.

Updated on 31 May 2012. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 24 May 2017

Rubella is caused by an enveloped RNA virus, for which humans are the only known host. Transmission is by airborne droplet spread, with infection seen predominantly in spring and early summer in temperate zones.

Postnatally acquired infection—presents after incubation of 14 to 21 days with rash (maculopapular, usually beginning on the face before spreading to the trunk and extremeties), lymphadenopathy (suboccipital and posterior cervical), and mild fever. Sore throat, coryza, cough, conjunctivitis, and arthralgia may be seen. The illness is usually mild. Management is symptomatic....

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