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Enterovirus infections 

Enterovirus infections
Chapter:
Enterovirus infections
Author(s):

Philip Minor

and Ulrich Desselberger

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070508_update_002

July 30, 2015: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

Update:

Viruses—newly recognised genera and updated classification.

Clinical presentation—revised table of clinical symptoms related to specific viruses.

Prevention of polio—expanded discussion of vaccination strategies and description of the present situation in various countries.

Updated on 28 Aug 2014. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 19 October 2017

Enteroviruses are single-stranded, positive sense RNA viruses comprising poliomyelitis viruses (3 types), Coxsackie A viruses (23 types), Coxsackie B viruses (6 types), and echoviruses (33 types). They have recently been reclassified into 4 human enterovirus species (A–D) on the basis of sequence comparisons. Transmission is by the faeco-oral route, with marked seasonal peaks of infection in areas of temperate climate, but infections occurring all year round in tropical regions....

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