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Respiratory tract viruses 

Respiratory tract viruses

Chapter:
Respiratory tract viruses
Author(s):

Malik Peiris

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070501_update_002

Update:

Rhinoviruses—discussion of non-cultivable group C viruses, recently discovered by molecular methods.

Adenoviruses—four additional non-cultivable adenovirus types, 52–55, have recently been reported; adenovirus 14p1 (previously designated 14a) has been spreading in the United States of America and elsewhere and is associated with more severe disease.

Influenza—previous seasonal influenza A H1N1 viruses appear to have been largely replaced by pandemic H1N1 which now cocirculates with seasonal H3N2 and influenza B viruses.

Updated on 31 May 2012. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 26 May 2017

Viral respiratory infections, including rhinovirus, coronavirus, adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, human metapneumovirus, parainfluenza viruses, and influenza viruses, are a substantial cause of morbidity worldwide. Transmission occurs through direct contact, contaminated fomites, and large airborne droplets, with long-range transmission by small particle aerosols reported in at least some instances of influenza and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)....

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