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Nosocomial infections 

Nosocomial infections

Chapter:
Nosocomial infections
Author(s):

I.C.J.W. Bowler

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.070203_update_003

Update:

Recommendations for the treatment of C. difficile-associated diarrhoea updated following publication of the randomised double blind controlled trial of treatment with fidaxomicin versus vancomycin.

Updated on 30 Jul 2015. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 18 August 2017

Hospital-acquired or nosocomial infections—defined for epidemiological studies as infections manifesting more than 48 hours after admission—are common. They affect 1.4 million people worldwide at any one time and involve between 5 and 25% of patients admitted to hospital, with considerable associated morbidity, mortality, and cost.

Clinical features—the most common sites of nosocomial infection are the urinary tract, surgical wounds, and the lower respiratory tract. Bacteria are the most important causes, including ...

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