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Sports and exercise medicine 

Sports and exercise medicine

Chapter:
Sports and exercise medicine
Author(s):

Roger L. Wolman

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.02801
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date: 22 July 2017

Physicians are increasingly confronted with medical problems related to sport.

Female athlete triad—consists of disordered eating, amenorrhoea, and osteoporosis, which are most commonly seen in those pursuing endurance sports or gymnastics. Clinical assessment includes a nutritional screen to assess calorie and calcium intake, measurement of serum tri-iodothyronine level (typically low) and of bone density, along with exclusion of other causes of amenorrhoea. The most effective treatment is to re-establish natural menstruation with a combination of reducing training intensity and increasing calorie intake, both of which the athlete may find hard to accept....

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