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Diseases of the autonomic nervous system 

Diseases of the autonomic nervous system
Chapter:
Diseases of the autonomic nervous system
Author(s):

Christopher J. Mathias

and David A. Low

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.02414_update_001

November 27, 2014: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

Update:

Intermittent autonomic dysfunction—classifications revised, including addition of diagnosis of initial orthostatic hypotension.

Prognosis—expanded discussion of prognosis of different types of autonomic disorder.

Investigations—more detailed discussion, in particular of physiological and pharmacological tests.

Particular conditions—updates on postural tachycardia syndrome (PoTS) and initial orthostatic hypotension.

Treatment—use of l-dihydroxyphenylserine (L-DOPS).

Updated on 28 Nov 2012. The previous version of this content can be found here.
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date: 17 October 2017

The autonomic nervous system innervates all organs, producing predominantly involuntary and automatic actions that are mediated by two principal efferent pathways, the sympathetic and parasympathetic, which are neurochemically and anatomically distinct. Numerous synaptic relays and neurotransmitters allow the autonomic control of organ function at local and central levels to be integrated with the requirements of the whole body....

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