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Traumatic injuries to the head 

Traumatic injuries to the head

Chapter:
Traumatic injuries to the head
Author(s):

Laurence Watkins

and David G.T. Thomas

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199204854.003.0241003
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date: 28 June 2017

Head injuries cause 1% of all deaths, including 15 to 20% of those in people aged 5 to 35 years, with many survivors facing long-term disability.

Pathophysiology—brain injury may be (1) primary—axonal injury and focal contusions are caused at the moment of impact; or (2) secondary—causes are (a) extracranial—e.g. hypoxia and hypotension, and (b) intracranial—e.g. haematoma, brain swelling, and infection....

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