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Traumatic injuries to the head 

Traumatic injuries to the head
Traumatic injuries to the head

Laurence Watkins

and David G.T. Thomas

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date: 22 July 2018

Head injuries cause 1% of all deaths, including 15 to 20% of those in people aged 5 to 35 years, with many survivors facing long-term disability.

Pathophysiology—brain injury may be (1) primary—axonal injury and focal contusions are caused at the moment of impact; or (2) secondary—causes are (a) extracranial—e.g. hypoxia and hypotension, and (b) intracranial—e.g. haematoma, brain swelling, and infection....

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