Show Summary Details
Page of



Stuart Gillon

, Chris Wright

, Cameron Knott

, Mark McPhail

, and Luigi Camporota

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 14 November 2018

The Neurosciences chapter begins with discussion regarding sedation, anaesthesia, and analgesia on the intensive care unit, covering both pharmacology and practicalities. The aetiology and investigation of coma and the coma-like states are described. There is discussion of traumatic brain injury including pathophysiology, monitoring, the consequences of and response to raised intracranial pressure, and neuroprotection. Seizure disorders are explored including the investigation with the electroencephalogram and the pharmacology of anti-epileptic drugs. The approach to ischaemic stroke and intra-cerebral haemorrhage on the intensive care unit is discussed. There is coverage of subarachnoid haemorrhage: complications (including hydrocephalus, vasospasm, re-bleeding), investigation, and management. The approach to the patient with neuromuscular weakness is described, including the aetiology and investigation of intensive-care-acquired weakness. The, prevention, assessment of, and approach to delirium are described. The chapter finished with discussion of the central nervous system infections, namely meningitis and encephalitis.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.