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Richard Jarvis

, Angie Bone

, and Alex G. Stewart

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date: 17 December 2018

The concepts of ‘sustainability’ (the set of conditions where we meet current need without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs) and ‘sustainable development’ (the plan of actions required to achieve this) are increasingly gaining attention in the field of health protection. This chapter outlines how public health and health protection are intricately interlinked with all three pillars of sustainability (economic development, the environment, social equity) and the existential threats to human survival resulting from unsustainable development. The co-benefits of sustainable development are described (including health benefits: better cardiovascular and mental health, and decreased obesity and diabetes mellitus rates; reduced carbon dioxide emissions and improved household energy use), as well as suggestions as to how health protection can play a part in actions to improve sustainability.

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