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Meningitis and meningococcal disease 

Meningitis and meningococcal disease

Chapter:
Meningitis and meningococcal disease
Author(s):

Sam Ghebrehewet

, David Conrad

, and Gill Marsh

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198745471.003.0011
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date: 26 March 2017

This chapter explores the various causes of meningitis and focuses on meningitis caused by Neisseria meningitidis, which can also result in other invasive illnesses (meningococcal disease, e.g. meningococcal septicaemia/meningococcaemia). Background information on the epidemiology and clinical features of meningococcal disease, the steps and principles that need to be followed for timely implementation of public health actions (antibiotic chemoprophylaxis, Men B; Men C; Men ACWY vaccination, and public health advice) in order to prevent secondary cases following the notification of a single case or cluster in an educational setting (nursery) are discussed. Furthermore, potential public health action(s) that can be considered in dealing with cases of meningococcal disease in different circumstances/situations are covered.

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