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Abbreviations 

Abbreviations
Author(s):

Philippa C. Matthews

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  • greater than

  • less than

  • increase

  • decrease

  • primary

  • secondary

  • female

  • male

  • 20-min whole-blood clotting test

  • alanine aminotransferase

  • acute respiratory distress syndrome

  • antiretroviral therapy

  • acute tubular necrosis

  • bacillus Calmette–Guérin vaccine

  • cyclic adenosine monophosphate

  • card agglutination test for trypanosomes

  • Crimean–Congo haemorrhagic fever

  • Centers for Disease Control

  • Chikungunya

  • creatine kinase

  • cytomegalovirus

  • central nervous system

  • coronavirus

  • cryptococcal antigen

  • cerebrospinal fluid

  • computed tomography

  • cardiovascular system

  • chest X-ray

  • dichlorodiphenyltricholoroethane

  • diethylcarbamazine

  • Dengue haemorrhagic fever

  • Democratic Republic of Congo

  • Dengue shock syndrome

  • deep vein thrombosis

  • Eastern equine encephalitis virus

  • oedema factor

  • enzyme immunoassay

  • enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

  • erythrocyte sedimentation rate

  • fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test

  • γ‎-aminobutyric acid

  • Glasgow coma score

  • gastrointestinal

  • germ tube test

  • genitourinary

  • HTLV-associated myelopathy

  • hepatitis A virus

  • hepatitis B virus

  • hepatitis C virus

  • hepatitis E virus

  • human leukocyte antigen

  • Health Protection Agency

  • herpes simplex virus

  • human T-cell lymphotropic virus

  • Infectious Diseases Society of America

  • integrase inhibitor

  • intravenous

  • Japanese encephalitis

  • lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus

  • lactate dehydrogenase

  • lethal factor

  • liver function tests

  • lipopolysaccharide

  • Middle East respiratory syndrome

  • men who have sex with men

  • Nipah virus

  • non-nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitor

  • nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitor

  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

  • protective antigen

  • Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia

  • polymerase chain reaction

  • protease inhibitor with ritonavir boosting

  • peripheral nervous system

  • ribavirin

  • ribonucleic acid (single-stranded/double-stranded)

  • rapid plasma reagin

  • reverse transcriptase PCR

  • Rift Valley fever

  • severe acute respiratory syndrome

  • subacute sclerosing panencephalitis

  • tuberculosis

  • tick-borne encephalitis

  • tumour necrosis factor

  • Treponema pallidum haemagluttination assay

  • tropical spastic paraparesis

  • urinary tract infection

  • ultraviolet

  • venereal disease research laboratory

  • Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus

  • viral haemorrhagic fever

  • varicella zoster virus

  • white cell count

  • Western equine encephalitis virus

  • World Health Organization

  • yellow fever