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The role of the actor in medical education 

The role of the actor in medical education

Chapter:
The role of the actor in medical education
Author(s):

Paul Heinrich

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198736134.003.0055
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date: 29 May 2017

The role of standardized or simulated patient, whether played by professional actor or lay member of the public, is an acting role, requiring at least a basic level of acting. This chapter proposes a taxonomy of five different modes of performance in medical education, namely, assessment, audit, experiential learning, demonstration, and instruction. Each role play mode comprises three players—actor, role-player, and educator—who work together in what might be called a simulation triad. Each mode leads to a distinctive mode of performance, which determines the roles and relationships within the simulation triad, and the nature of the decisions that need to be made in relation to recruitment, training, performance, and feedback. It is hoped that this proposed taxonomy of performance may contribute to clarification for the future development of medical simulation.

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