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Toxic and environmental disorders 

Toxic and environmental disorders
Chapter:
Toxic and environmental disorders
Author(s):

Michael Donaghy

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198569381.003.0156
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date: 17 October 2018

A huge range of toxins can affect the nervous system, most of which are rarely encountered clinically (Spencer and Schaumburg 2000). This chapter addresses those toxins, medical interventions, and environmental insults with common or noteworthy effects on the nervous system. The peripheral nervous system is particularly vulnerable to toxic effects of drugs, metals, and industrial and agricultural poisons; these manifestations are covered in Chapter 21. Overdosage with an enormous range of drugs and chemicals causes acute poisoning syndromes which affect multiple organ systems, including the nervous system. Such systemic poisonings are not covered below and the reader is referred to comprehensive toxicology reference texts (Dart 2004).

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