Show Summary Details
Page of

Central nervous system emergencies 

Central nervous system emergencies
Central nervous system emergencies

Nigel D. Robb

and Jason Leitch

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 18 June 2018

Introduction 42

Epilepsy 44

Stroke (cerebrovascular accident) 48

Transient ischaemic attack 50

This chapter will deal with emergencies originating in the central nervous system (CNS). The conditions covered are:


Stroke (cerebrovascular accident)

Transient ischaemic attack (TIA).

Epilepsy is actually a catch-all term for a number of distinct conditions and syndromes with causes ranging from hereditary to unknown. The definition that is generally recognized is ‘a chronic brain disorder of various aetiologies characterized by recurrent seizures due to excessive discharge of cerebral neurons’. For the dental surgeon, the intricacies of the individual diagnosis are unimportant but the ability to recognize and promptly deal with the seizures is vital. The manifestations of the condition range from short absences, where the patient may appear not to be paying attention, through to ‘grand mal’ fits....

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.