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The Broad Autism Phenotype 

The Broad Autism Phenotype

Chapter:
The Broad Autism Phenotype
Author(s):

Molly Losh

, Ralph Adolphs

, and Joseph Piven

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780195371826.003.0031
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date: 23 May 2017

The broad autism phenotype (BAP) represents a constellation of subtle personality and language characteristics that may reflect genetic liability to autism. This chapter examines the clinical phenomenon of the BAP and synthesizes existing findings and recent developments in the study of the BAP in order to produce a consistent definition of the BAP, and to identify gaps in knowledge and methodological challenges currently inhibiting effective implementation of characteristics of the BAP in gene-finding and neurobiological studies. It begins by describing methodological considerations in assessment of the BAP. It then delves into research describing the clinical picture of the BAP and principal domains of functioning that comprise this phenomenon, as well as the cognitive and neuropsychological features associated with the BAP. Discussion of clinical and empirical significance of the BAP concludes the chapter.

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