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Commentary: Issues in the Classification of Pervasive Developmental Disorders 

Commentary: Issues in the Classification of Pervasive Developmental Disorders
Chapter:
Commentary: Issues in the Classification of Pervasive Developmental Disorders
Author(s):

Patrick F. Bolton

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780195371826.003.0009
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date: 17 December 2017

The rationale for classifying childhood onset mental problems, including neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism, is that it aids in communication and the nosological entities predict aspects of the natural history of the condition, its response to treatment as well as the causes of the phenomena. Approaches to the classification of mental problems have evolved over the years and have moved from a system-based approach on psychoanalytic theory to more phenomenologically-based approaches. Although the advent of ICD-10 and DSM-IV represented a major step in nosological classification, several advances in knowledge over the last fifteen years has led to a realization of the need to revise the diagnostic scheme and work toward the publication of new editions of the main classificatory systems for psychopathology, ICD-11 and DSM-V. This commentary considers the classification of the pervasive developmental disorders and the areas in which revisions might need to be made.

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