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Perineal pain and discomfort 

Perineal pain and discomfort
Chapter:
Perineal pain and discomfort
Author(s):

Murray Enkin

, Marc J. N. C. Keirse

, James Neilson

, Caroline Crowther

, Lelia Duley

, Ellen Hodnett

, and Justus Hofmeyr

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780192631732.003.0047
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date: 21 September 2018

Chapter 47 covers perineal pain and discomfort, including local applications (non-pharmacological applications, local antiseptics, local anesthetics, combinations of local anesthetics and topical steroids), local physiotherapies (relief of pressure on the perineum, ultrasound and pulsed electromagnetic energy, pelvic floor exercises), and treatments taken by mouth (herbal preparations, proteolytic enzymes, and oral analgesics).

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