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Memory Concerns in Middle Age 

Memory Concerns in Middle Age
Chapter:
Memory Concerns in Middle Age
Author(s):

Marie Pasinski

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190609917.003.0034
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date: 24 November 2017

This chapter on cognitive concerns in middle age reviews the modifiable risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease and recommends seven lifestyle changes to improve cognitive function and decrease the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia. Memory concerns and word-finding difficulties in middle age are extremely common, typically benign, and can be improved by lifestyle modification. One-third of Alzheimer’s cases are estimated to be attributable to seven modifiable risk factors, including: diabetes, hypertension, obesity, smoking, depression, cognitive inactivity, and physical inactivity. In addition, sleep disorders are now a recognized risk factor for dementia. Rather than recommending simply performing a workup and reassuring patients that they are fine, this chapter provides guidelines to identify dementia risk factors and empower patients with the knowledge they need to maximize their brain health.

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