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Legal Issuesa 

Legal Issuesa
Chapter:
Legal Issuesa
Author(s):

Jeffrey T. Schouten

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190493097.003.0050
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date: 15 December 2018

One-time routine screening of all adults and adolescents as well as annual screening of high-risk individuals and all pregnant women are recommended without the need for pretest counseling or written consent. HIV is a reportable disease to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Partner notification remains a key component of HIV prevention. Health care providers may be obligated to assist in notification or HIV disclosure in select instances. HIV stigma and discrimination remain problematic in many areas of the United States and globally, but laws have been progressively enacted to limit these problems and protect persons living with HIV disease. Confidentiality of HIV status and health-related issues is protected under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA). Advance care planning is an important component of comprehensive care for adults living with HIV/AIDS.

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