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Chemical Water Pollution and Human Health 

Chemical Water Pollution and Human Health
Chapter:
Chemical Water Pollution and Human Health
Author(s):

Christopher P. Weis

and Donald E. Tillitt

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190490911.003.0005
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date: 20 September 2017

Human activities associated with environmental degradation are threatening urban and rural water supplies throughout the world. Although water quality in the United States surpasses that in most of the world, increasing challenges from an aging infrastructure, poorly controlled disposal of pharmaceuticals, household chemical products, and biologically active industrial chemicals are causing widespread degradation. Toxicology studies have highlighted the role of chronic, low-level chemical exposures of children in the development of disease later in life and demonstrated the chemicals’ epigenetic effects. Despite billions of dollars spent annually to purify diminishing water resources, most purified water is used for waste disposal a for agricultural and industrial processes that do not necessarily require good-quality water. Chapter 5 addresses some of the current threats to water supplies and proposes approaches to increase awareness and provide solutions for the protection of human and environmental health.

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