Show Summary Details
Page of

Epidemiology 

Epidemiology
Chapter:
Epidemiology
Author(s):

Ardis Hanson

and Bruce Lubotsky Levin

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190238308.003.0004
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 22 August 2018

Epidemiology, a basic science of public health, is a quantitative discipline based on probability, statistics, research methodologies, and disease etiology, to examine what factors cause, exacerbate, and/or prevent disease (morbidity) and death (mortality). Epidemiology can increase our understanding of at-risk populations, meet selected needs for addressing specific disease states or physical/mental/substance use disorders, identify services utilization, and potentially drive policy. Hence, a basic understanding of the principles and applications of epidemiological vocabulary, methods, and theoretical frameworks is essential for the practicing pharmacist. This chapter examines the core functions of epidemiology, provides a brief history of the field and subspecialties in epidemiology, and frames epidemiology at the national and international levels. In addition, the chapter discusses the distinct vocabularies, measures, methods, and studies commonly employed by epidemiologists.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.