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Global Health 

Global Health
Chapter:
Global Health
Author(s):

Ardis Hanson

, Peter D Hurd

, and Bruce Lubotsky Levin

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190238308.003.0003
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date: 18 June 2018

Global public health includes the essentials of a healthy environment, such as drinkable water, food that is plentiful and safe to eat, and waste disposal that keeps the population safe. However, global health also focuses on the prevention of disease, the promotion of healthy lifestyles, and the early detection of health problems. While these issues were once critical local problems, diseases, such as tuberculosis and cholera, illustrate the importance of a global perspective on the health of the world population. This chapter offers case studies on Haïti and Ebola, showing how national health issues not only affect a nation or a state but also the world. Discussions on global health and health equity across the developmental lifespan include interventions to address infectious diseases and lifestyle choices and the social forces of aging, poverty, and urbanization. The chapter also examines the need for increased pharmacovigilance as a global issue.

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