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date: 15 October 2018

Introduction

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Nelson, C. A. (2004). Brain development during puberty and adolescence. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1021, 105–109.Find this resource:

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Olfson, M., Marcus, S. C., Weissman, M. M., & Jensen, P. S. (2002). National trends in the use of psychotropic medications by children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 514–521.Find this resource:

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Pine, D. S., Grun, J., Zarahn, E., Fyer, A., Koda, V., Li, W., et al. (2001). Cortical brain regions engaged by masked emotional faces in adolescents and adults: An fMRI study. Emotion, 1, 137–147.Find this resource:

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Spear, L. P. (2000). The adolescent brain and age-related behavioral manifestations. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 24, 417–463.Find this resource:

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Part I: Depression and Bipolar Disorder

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Alloy, L. B., Abramson, L. Y., Hogan, M. E., Whitehouse, W. G., Rose, D. T., Robinson, M. S., et al. (2000). The Temple-Wisconsin Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression Project: Lifetime history of Axis I psychopathology in individuals at high and low cognitive risk for depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 403–418.Find this resource:

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American Psychiatric Association. Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with bipolar disorder. (1994). Washington DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.Find this resource:

Andrews, B. (1995). Bodily shame as a mediator between abusive experiences and depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104, 277–285.Find this resource:

Andrews, B., Valentine, E. R., & Valentine, J. D. (1995). Depression and eating disorders following abuse in childhood in two generations of women. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 34 (Pt 1), 37–52.Find this resource:

Angold, A., & Costello, E. J. (1993). Depressive comorbidity in children and adolescents: Empirical, theoretical and methodological issues. American Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 1779–1791.Find this resource:

Angold, A., Costello, E. J., & Erkanli, A. (1999). Comorbidity. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 57–87.Find this resource:

Angold, A., Costello, E. J., & Worthman, C. M. (1998). Puberty and depression: The roles of age, pubertal status and pubertal timing. Psychological Medicine, 28, 51–61.Find this resource:

Arean, P. A., Perri, M. G., Nezu, A. M., Schein, R. L., Christopher, F., & Joseph, T. X. (1993). Comparative effectiveness of social problem-solving therapy and reminiscence therapy as treatments for depression in older adults. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 61, 1003–1010.Find this resource:

Arnarson, E. O., & Craighead, W. E. (2004, November). Prevention of depression among adolescents in Iceland. Paper presented at the meeting of the Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy, New Orleans.Find this resource:

Aronson, R., Offman, H. J., Joffe, R. T., & Naylor, C. D. (1996) Triiodothyronine augmentation in the treatment of refractory depression. A meta-analysis. Archives of General Psychiatry, 53, 842–848.Find this resource:

Asarnow, J. R., Carlson, G. A., & Guthrie, D. (1987). Coping strategies, self-perceptions, hopelessness, and perceived family environments in depressed and suicidal children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55, 361–366.Find this resource:

Asarnow, J. R., Goldstein, M. J., Tompson, M., & Guthrie, D. (1993). One-year outcomes of depressive disorders in child psychiatric in-patients: Evaluation of the prognostic power of a brief measure of expressed emotion. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 34, 129–137.Find this resource:

Aseltine, R. H., Jr., Gore, S., & Colten, M. E. (1994). Depression and the social developmental context of adolescence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 252–263.Find this resource:

Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. Englewood Cliff, NJ: Prentice Hall.Find this resource:

Barbe, R. P., Bridge, J., Birmaher, B., Kolko, D. J., & Brent, D. A. (2004a). Lifetime history of sexual abuse, clinical presentation, and outcome in a clinical trial for adolescent depression. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 65, 77–83.Find this resource:

Barbe, R. P., Bridge, J., Birmaher, B., Kolko, D., & Brent, D. A. (2004b). Suicidality and its relationship to treatment outcome in depressed adolescents. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 34, 44–55.Find this resource:

Barber, B. K. (1996). Parental psychological control: Revisiting a neglected construct. Child Development, 67, 3296–3319.Find this resource:

Barkham, M., Hardy, G. E., & Startup, M. (1994) The structure, validity and clinical relevance of the inventory of interpersonal problems. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 67 (Pt 2), 171–185.Find this resource:

Barrera, A. Z., & Craighead, W. E. (2004). Depression among adolescent and adult Latinos in the United States: A review. Unpublished manuscript. Available from Alinne Z. Barrera, Department of Psychology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309–0345.Find this resource:

Bassuk, E. L., Buckner, J. C., Perloff, J. N., & Bassuk, S. S. (1998). Prevalence of mental health and substance use disorders among homeless and low-income housed mothers. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 1561–1564.Find this resource:

Bauer, M. S., McBride, L., Chase, G., Sachs, G., & Shea, N. (1998) Manual-based group psychotherapy for bipolar disorder: A feasibility study. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 59, 449–455.Find this resource:

Baumann, P. (1996) Pharmacokinetic–pharmacodynamic relationship of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Clinical Pharmacokinetics, 31, 444–469.Find this resource:

Beardslee, W. R., Gladstone, T. R. G., Wright, E. J., & Cooper, A. B. (2003). A family-based approach to the prevention of depressive symptoms in children at risk: Evidence of parental and child change. Pediatrics, 112, e119–131.Find this resource:

Beardslee, W. R., Keller, M. B., Seifer, R., Lavori, P. W., Staley, D., Poderefsky, D., et al. (1996). Prediction of adolescent affective disorder: Effects of prior parental affective disorders and child psychopathology. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 279–288.Find this resource:

Beardslee, W. R., Versage, E. M., & Gladstone, T. R. G. (1998). Children of affectively ill parents: A review of the past ten years. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 1134–1141.Find this resource:

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Beck, A. T. (1983). Cognitive therapy of depression: new perspectives. In P. Clayton & J. E. Barrett (Eds.), Treatment of depression: old controversies and new approaches (pp. 265–290). New York: Raven Press.Find this resource:

Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. F., & Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. New York: Guilford Press.Find this resource:

Bennett, D. S., Pendley, J. S., & Bates, J. E. (1995). Daughter and mother report of individual symptoms on the Children's Depression Inventory. Journal of Adolescent Health, 20, 51–57.Find this resource:

Berns, G. S., & Nemeroff, C. B. (2003). The neurobiology of bipolar disorder. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 123C, 76–84.Find this resource:

Berrettini, W. H., Ferraro, T. N., Goldin, L. R., Weeks, D. E., Detera-Wadleigh, S., Nurnberger, J. I., et al. (1994). Chromosome 18 DNA markers and manic depressive illness: evidence for a susceptibility gene. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 91, 5918–5921.Find this resource:

Berrettini, W. H., Ferraro T. N., Goldin, L. R., Detera-Wadleigh, S. D., Choi, H., Muniec, D., et al. (1997). Linkage studies of bipolar illness. Archives of General Psychiatry, 54, 32–39.Find this resource:

Biederman, J. (1998). Resolved: Mania is mistaken for ADHD in prepubertal children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 1091–1093.Find this resource:

Biederman, J. Faraone, S., Mick, E., Lelon, E. (1995). Psychiatric comorbidity among referred juveniles with major depression: fact or artifact? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry34, 579–590.Find this resource:

Biederman, J., Faraone, S. V., Chu, M., Wozniak, J. (1999). Further evidence of a bidirectional overlap between juvenile mania and conduct disorder in children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 468–476.Find this resource:

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Watson, D., & Tellegen, A. (1985). Toward a consensual structure of mood. Psychological Bulletin, 98, 219–235.Find this resource:

Webster-Stratton, C., & Hammond, M. (1988). Maternal depression and its relationship to life stress, perceptions of child behavior problems, parenting behaviors, and child conduct problems. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 16, 299–315.Find this resource:

Weersing, V. R., Iyengar, S., Birmaher, B., Kolko, D. J., & Brent, D. A. (in press). Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy for adolescent depression under clinically representative conditions. Behavior Therapy.Find this resource:

Weinfield, N. S., Stroufe, L. A., & Egeland, B. (2000). Attachment from infancy to early adulthood in a high risk sample: Continuity, discontinuity, and their correlates. Child Development, 71, 695–702.Find this resource:

Weiss, E. L., Longhurst, J. G., & Mazure, C. M. (1999). Childhood sexual abuse as a risk factor for depression in women: Psychosocial and neurobiological correlates. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 816–828.Find this resource:

Weissman, M. M., Bland, R., Canino, G., Faravelli, C., Greenwald, S., Hwu, H. G., et al. (1996). Cross-national epidemiology of major depression and bipolar disorder. Journal of the American Medical Association, 276, 293–299.Find this resource:

Weissman, M. M., Paykel, E. S., Siegel, R., & Klerman, G. L. (1971). The social role performance of depressed women: Comparisons with a normal group. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 41, 390–405.Find this resource:

Weissman, M. M., Warner, V., Wickramaratne, P., Moreau, D., & Olfson, M. (1997). Offspring of depressed parents. 10 years later. Archives of General Psychiatry, 54, 932–940.Find this resource:

Weissman, M. M., Warner, V., Wickramaratne, P. J., Nomura, Y., Merikangas, K., Bruder, G., et al. (2004). Offspring at high risk for anxiety and depression: Preliminary findings from a three-generation study. In J. Gorman (Ed.), Fear and anxiety: Benefits of translational research (pp. 65–85). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association Press.Find this resource:

Weissman, M. M., Wolk, S., Goldstein, R. B., Moreau, D., Adams, P., Greenwald, S., et al. (1999) Depressed adolescents grown up. Journal of the American Medical Association, 281, 1707–1713.Find this resource:

Weissman, M. M., Wolk, S., Wickramaratne, P., Goldstein, R. B., Adams, P., Greenwald, S., et al. (1999). Children with prepubertal-onset major depressive disorder and anxiety grown up. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56, 794–801.Find this resource:

Weisz, J. R., Southam-Gerow, M. A., & McCarty, C. A. (2001). Control-related beliefs and self-reported depressive symptoms in clinic-referred children and adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110, 97–109.Find this resource:

Weisz, J. R., Thurber, C. A., Sweeney, L., Proffitt, V. D., & LeGagnoux, G. L. (1997). Brief treatment of mild-to-moderate child depression using primary and secondary control enhancement training. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 703–707.Find this resource:

Weisz, J. R., & Weersing, V. R. (1999). Psychotherapy with children and adolescents: Efficacy, effectiveness, and developmental concerns in Rochester symposium on developmental psychopathology. In D. Cicchetti and S. L. Toth (Ed.), Developmental approaches to prevention and intervention. Rochester, NY: Univ. of Rochester Press.Find this resource:

Weisz, J. R., & Weersing, V. R. (2002). Community clinic treatment of depressed youth: Benchmarking usual care against CBT clinical trials. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70, 299–310.Find this resource:

Weller, E., Weller, R., & Fristad, M. (1995). Bipolar disorder in children: Misdiagnosis, underdiagnosis, and future directions. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 709–714.Find this resource:

Weller, R. A., Weller, E. B., Tucker, S., & Fristad, M. (1986). Mania in prepubertal children: Has it been underdiagnosed? Journal of Affective Disorders, 11, 151–154.Find this resource:

West, S., McElroy, S., Strakowski, S., Keck, P., & McConville, B. (1995). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adolescent mania. American Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 271–274.Find this resource:

West, S. A., Strakowski, S. M., Sax, K., McElroy, S., Keck, P., & McConville, B. (1996). Phenomenology and comorbidity of adolescents hospitalized for the treatment of acute mania. Biological Psychiatry, 39, 458–460.Find this resource:

Whittaker, A., Johnson, J., Shaffer, D., Rappaport, J. L., Kalikow, K., Walsh, B. T., et al. (1990). Uncommon troubles in young people: Prevalence estimates of selected psychiatric disorders in a nonreferred population. Archives of General Psychiatry, 47, 487–496.Find this resource:

Wicki, W., & Angst, J. (1991). The Zurich study. X. Hypomania in a 28-to 30-year-old cohort. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 240, 339–348.Find this resource:

Wilens, T. E., Biederman, J., Abrantes, M., Spencer, B., & Thomas, J. (1997a). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with early onset substance use disorders. Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases, 185, 475–482.Find this resource:

Wilens, T., Biederman, J., Abrantes, M., Spencer, B., & Thomas, J. (1997b). Clinical characteristics of psychiatrically referred adolescent outpatients with substance use disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 941–947.Find this resource:

Wilens, T., Biederman, J., Millstein, R., Wozniak, J., Hahesy, A., & Spencer B. (1999). Risk for substance use disorders in youths with child-and adolescent-onset bipolar disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 680–685.Find this resource:

Wittchen, H. U., Nelson, C. B., & Lachner, G. (1998). Prevalence of mental disorders and psychosocial impairments in adolescents and young adults. Psychological Medicine, 28, 109–126.Find this resource:

Wong, K. C., Kenndy, P. J., & Lee, S. (1999). Clinical manifestations and outcomes in 17 cases of Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis. Australasian Journal of Dermatology, 40, 131–134.Find this resource:

Wood, A., Harrington, R., & Moore, A. (1996). Controlled trial of a brief cognitive-behavioural intervention in adolescent patients with depressive disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 37, 737–746.Find this resource:

Wood, A., Trainor, G., Rothwell, J., Moore, A., & Harrington, R. (2001). Randomized trial of a group therapy for repeated deliberate self-harm in adolescents. Journal of the American Acad-emy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 1246–1253.Find this resource:

Wozniak, J., Biederman, J., Kiely, K., Ablon, J., Faraone, S. Mundy, E., et al. (1995). Mania-like symptoms suggestive of childhood-onset bipolar disorder in clinically referred children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 867–876.Find this resource:

Wozniak, J., Biederman, J., Mundy, E., Mennin, D., & Faraone, S. V. (1995). A pilot family study of childhood-onset mania. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 1577–1583.Find this resource:

Wozniak, J., Crawford, M. H., Biederman, J., Faraone, S. V., Spencer, T. J., Taylor, A., et al. (1999). Antecedents and complications of trauma in boys with ADHD: Findings from a longitudinal study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 48–55.Find this resource:

Part II: Schizophrenia

Addington, D., Addington, J., & Patten, S. (1998). Depression in people with first-episode schizophrenia. British Journal of Psychiatry Supplement, 172, 90–92.Find this resource:

Addington, J. (2002). Draft consensus statement-principles and practice in early psychosis. In J. Edwards & P. McGorry (Eds.), Implementing early intervention in psychosis: A guide to establishing early psychosis services (1st ed., pp. 145–155). London: Martin Dunitz.Find this resource:

Addington, J., & Addington, D. (1998). Effect of substance misuse in early psychosis. British Journal of Psychiatry Supplement, 172, 134– 136.Find this resource:

Adler, L. E., & Waldo, M. C. (1991). Counterpoint: Sensory gating-hippocampal model of schizophrenia, Schizophrenia Bulletin, 17, 19–24.Find this resource:

Adler, L. E., Waldo, M. C., & Freeman, R. (1985). Neurophysiological studies of sensory gating in schizophrenia: Comparison of auditory and visual responses. Biological Psychiatry, 20, 1284–1296.Find this resource:

Akil, M., Kolachana, B. S., Rothmond, D. A., Hyde, T. M., Weinberger, D. R., & Kleinman, J. E. (2003). Catechol-O-methyltransferase genotype and dopamine regulation in the human brain. Journal of Neuroscience, 23, 2008–2013.Find this resource:

Alaghband-Rad, J., McKenna, K., Gordon, C. T., Albus, K. E., Hamburger, S. D., Rumsey, J. M., et al. (1995). Childhood-onset schizophrenia: The severity of premorbid course. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 1273–1283.Find this resource:

Alexander, G. E., & Crutcher, M. D. (1990). Functional architecture of basal ganglia circuits: Neural substrates of parallel processing [review]. Trends in Neuroscience, 13, 266–271.Find this resource:

Ambelas, A. (1992). Preschizophrenics: Adding to the evidence, sharpening the focus. British Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 401–404.Find this resource:

American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.Find this resource:

Amin, S., Singh, S. P., Brewin, J., Jones, P. B., Medley, I., & Harrison, G. (1999). Diagnostic stability of first-episode psychosis. Comparison of ICD-10 and DSM-III-R systems. British Journal of Psychiatry, 175, 537–543.Find this resource:

Andreasen, N. C. (1986). Can schizophrenia be localized in the brain? Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.Find this resource:

Andreasen, N. C. (1999). A unitary model of schizophrenia: Bleuler's “fragmented phrene” as schizencephaly. Archives of General Psychiatry, 56, 781–787.Find this resource:

Andreasen, N. C., Arndt, S., Alliger, R., Miller, D., & Flaum, M. (1995). Symptoms of schizophrenia. Methods, meanings, and mechanisms. Archives of General Psychiatry, 52, 341–351.Find this resource:

Andreasen, N. C., O'Leary, D. S., Arndt, S., Cizadlo, T., Rezai, K., Watkins, G. L., et al. (1995). I. PET studies of memory: Novel and practiced free recall of complex narratives. Neuroimage, 2, 284–295.Find this resource:

Andreasen, N. C., O'Leary, D. S., Flaum, M., Nopoulos, P., Watkins, G. L., Boles Ponto, L. L., et al. (1997). Hypofrontality in schizophrenia: Distributed dysfunctional circuits in neuroleptic-naive patients. Lancet, 349, 1730–1734.Find this resource:

Andreasen, N. C., Olsen, S. A., & Dennert, J. W. (1982). Ventricular enlargement in schizophrenia: Relationship to positive and negative symptoms. American Journal of Psychiatry, 139, 297–302.Find this resource:

Andreasen, N. C., Rajarethinam, R., Cizadlo, T., Arndt, S., Swayze, V. W., Flashman, L. A., et al. (1996). Automatic atlas-based volume estimation of human brain regions from MR images. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography, 20, 98–106.Find this resource:

Arndt, S., Alliger, R. J., & Andreasen, N. C. (1991). The distinction of positive and negative symptoms. The failure of a two-dimensional model. British Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 317–322.Find this resource:

Arndt, S., Andreasen, N. C., Flaum, M., Miller, D., & Nopoulos, P. (1995). A longitudinal study of symptom dimensions in schizophrenia. Prediction and patterns of change. Archives of General Psychiatry, 52, 352–360.Find this resource:

Arseneault, L., Cannon, M., Poulton, R., Murray, R., Caspi, A., & Moffitt, T. E. (2002). Cannabis use in adolescence and risk for adult psychosis: longitudinal prospective study. British Medical Journal, 325, 1212–1213.Find this resource:

Arsenault, L., Cannon, M., Witton, J., & Murray, R. (2003). The causal association between cannabis and psychosis: An examination of the evidence. British Journal of Psychiatry.Find this resource:

Asarnow, J. R. (1994). Annotation: childhood—onset schizophrenia. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 35, 1345–1371.Find this resource:

Asarnow, J. (1988). Children at risk for schizophrenia: Converging lines of evidence. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 14, 613–631.Find this resource:

Asarnow, J. R., Tompson, M. C., & Goldstein, M. J. (2001). Psychosocial factors: The social context of child and adolescent-onset schizophrenia. In H. Remschmidt (Ed.), Schizophrenia in children and adolescents (pp. 168–181). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Find this resource:

Asarnow, J. R., Tompson, M., Hamilton, E. B., Goldstein, M. J., & Guthrie, D. (1994). Family-expressed emotion, childhood-onset depression, and childhood-onset schizophrenia spectrum disorders: Is expressed emotion a non-specific correlate of child psychopathology or a specific risk factor for depression? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 22, 129–146.Find this resource:

Asarnow, J. R., & Goldstein, M. J. (1986). Schizophrenia during adolescence and early adulthood: A developmental perspective on risk research. Clinical Psychology Review, 6, 211– 235.Find this resource:

Asarnow, R. (1983). Schizophrenia. In R. Tartar (Ed.), The child at psychiatric risk (pp. 150–194). New York: Oxford University Press.Find this resource:

Asarnow, R., Brown W., & Strandburg, R. (1995). Children with a schizophrenic disorder: Neurobehavioral studies. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 245, 70–79.Find this resource:

Asarnow, R. F., Nuechterlein, K. H., Fogelson, D., Subotnik, K. L., Payne, D. A., Russell, A. T., et al. (2001). Schizophrenia and schizophrenia-spectrum personality disorders in the first-degree relatives of children with schizophrenia: The UCLA family study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 58, 581–588.Find this resource:

Asarnow, R., Steffy, R., MacCrimmon, D., & Cleghorn, J. (1978). An attentional assessment of foster children at risk for schizophrenia. In L. Wynne, R. Cromwell, & S. Matthysse (Eds.), The nature of schizophrenia: New approaches to research and treatment (p. 356). New York: John Wiley & Sons.Find this resource:

Asarnow, R., Tanguay, P., Bott, L., & Freeman, B. (1987). Patterns of intellectual functioning in non-retarded autistic and schizophrenic children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 28, 273–280.Find this resource:

Axelsson, R., & Lagerkvist-Briggs, M. (1992). Factors predicting suicide in psychotic patients. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 241, 259–266.Find this resource:

Aylward, E., Walker, E., & Bettes, B. (1984). Intelligence in schizophrenia: Meta-analysis of the research. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 10, 430–459.Find this resource:

Barbee, J. G., Mancuso, D. M., Freed, C. R., & Todorov, A. A. (1992). Alprazolam as a neuroleptic adjunct in the emergency treatment of schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 506–510.Find this resource:

Baribeau-Braun J., Picton T., & Gosselin J. (1983). Schizophrenia: A neurophysiological evaluation of abnormal information processing. Science, 219, 874–876.Find this resource:

Battaglia, J., Moss, S., Rush, J., Kang, J., Mendoza, R., Leedom, L., et al. (1997). Haloperidol, lorazepam, or both for psychotic agitation? A multicenter, prospective, double-blind, emergency department study. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 15, 335–340.Find this resource:

Beck, A. T., Sokol, L., Clark, D. A., Berchick, R., & Wright, F. (1992). A crossover study of focused cognitive therapy for panic disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 778–83.Find this resource:

Bellack, A. S., & Brown, S. A. (2001). Psychosocial treatments for schizophrenia. Current Psychiatry Reports, 3, 407–412.Find this resource:

Bellack, A. S., & Mueser, K. T. (1993). Psychosocial treatment for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 19, 317–336.Find this resource:

Bentsen, H. (2003). Correspondence. Psychological Medicine, 33, 755.Find this resource:

Berk, M., Ichim, C., & Brook, S. (2001). Efficacy of mirtazapine add on therapy to haloperidol in the treatment of the negative symptoms of schizophrenia: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study. International Clinical Psychopharmacology, 16, 87–92.Find this resource:

Berman, K. F., Torrey, E. F., Daniel, D. G., & Weinberger, D. R. (1992). Regional cerebral blood flow in monozygotic twins discordant and concordant for schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry, 49, 927–934.Find this resource:

Bertolino, A., Breier, A., Callicott, J. H., Adler, C., Mattay, V. S., Shapiro, M., et al. (2000). The relationship between dorsolateral prefrontal neuronal N-acetylaspartate and evoked release of striatal dopamine in schizophrenia. Neuropsychopharmacology, 22, 125–132.Find this resource:

Bhana, N., Foster, R. H., Olney, R., & Plosker, G. L. (2001). Olanzapine: an updated review of its use in the management of schizophrenia. Drugs, 61, 111–161.Find this resource:

Bilder, R. M., Goldman, R. S., Robinson, D., Reiter, G., Bell, L., Bates, J. A., et al. (2000). Neuropsychology of first-episode schizophrenia: Initial characterization and clinical correlates. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 549–559.Find this resource:

Bilder, R. M., Mukherjee, S., Rieder, R. O., & Pandurangi, A. K. (1985). Symptomatic and neuropsychological components of defect states. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 11, 409–491.Find this resource:

Blatter, D. D., Bigler, E. D., Gale, S. D., Johnson, S. C., Anderson, C. V., Burnett, B. M., et al. (1995). Quantitative volumetric analysis of brain MR: Normative database spanning 5 decades of life. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 16, 241–251.Find this resource:

Bleuler, E. (1950). Dementia praecox or the group of schizophrenias, Trans. New York: International University Press. (Original work published 1911)Find this resource:

Bleuler, M. (1978). The schizophrenic disorders: Long-term patient and family studies. New Haven: Yale University Press.Find this resource:

Bleuler, M. (1980). Schizophrenia-neurosis. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, 105, 209–212.Find this resource:

Bleuler, E. (1987). The prognosis of dementia praecox—Group of schizophrenias. In J. Cutting & M. Shepherd (Eds.), The clinical roots of the schizophrenia concept (pp. 59–74). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. (Original work published 1908)Find this resource:

Booth, A., Johnson, D. R., Granger, D. A., Crouter, A., & McHale, S. (2003). Testosterone and child and adolescent adjustment: The moderating role of parent-child relationships. Developmental Psychology, 39, 85–98.Find this resource:

Bourdon, K. H., Rae, D. S., Locke, B. Z., Narrow, W. E., & Regier, D. A. (1992). Estimating the prevalence of mental disorders in U.S. adults from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area Survey. Public Health Report, 107, 663–668.Find this resource:

Bracha, H. S., Torrey, E. F., Gottesman, I. I., Bigelow, L. B., & Cunniff, C. (1992). Second-trimester markers of fetal size in schizophrenia: A study of monozygotic twins. American Journal of Psychiatry, 149, 1355–1361.Find this resource:

Braff, D., Stone, C., Callaway, E., Geyer, M., Glick, I., & Bali, L. (1978). Prestimulus effects on human startle reflex in normals and schizophrenics. Psychophysiology, 15, 339–343.Find this resource:

Brown, G. W., Monck, E. M., Carstairs, G. M., & Wing, J. K. (1962). Influence of family life on the course of schizophrenic illness. British Journal of Preventative and Social Medicine, 16, 55–68.Find this resource:

Browne, S., Clarke, M., Gervin, M., Waddington, J. L., Larkin, C., & O'Callaghan E. (2000). Determinants of quality of life at first presentation with schizophrenia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 176, 173–176.Find this resource:

Bustillo, J. R., Lauriello, J., Horan, W. P., & Keith, S. J. (2001). The psychosocial treatment of schizophrenia: An update. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 163–175.Find this resource:

Bustillo, J. R., Lauriello, J., & Keith, S. J. (1999). Schizophrenia: Improving outcome. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 6, 229–240.Find this resource:

Butzlaff, R. L., & Hooley, J. M. (1998). Expressed emotion and psychiatric relapse. A meta-analysis. Archives of General Psychiatry, 55, 547–552.Find this resource:

Callicott, J. H., Bertolino, A., Mattay, V. S., Langheim, F. J., Duyn, J., Coppola, R., et al. (2000). Physiological dysfunction of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in schizophrenia revisited. Cerebral Cortex, 10, 1078–1092.Find this resource:

Cannon, M., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Harrington, H., Taylor A., & Murray, R. M. (2002). Evidence for early-childhood, pan-developmental impairment specific to schizophreniform disorder: Results from a longitudinal birth cohort. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59, 449–456.Find this resource:

Cannon, M., Jones, P., Gilvarry, C., Rifkin, L., McKenzie, K., Foerster, A., et al. (1997). Premorbid social functioning in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Similarities and differences. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 1544–1550.Find this resource:

Cannon, M., Jones, P., Huttunen, M., Tanskanen, A., & Murray, R. M. (1999a). Motor coordination deficits as predictors of schizophrenia among Finnish school children. Human Psychopharmacology, 14, 491–497.Find this resource:

Cannon, T. D., Mednick, S. A., Parnas, J., Schulsinger, F., Praestholm, J., & Vestergaard, A. (1993). Developmental brain abnormalities in the offspring of schizophrenic mothers. I. Contribu tions of genetic and perinatal factors. Archives of General Psychiatry, 50, 551–564.Find this resource:

Cannon-Spoor, H. E., Potkin, S. G., & Wyatt, R. J. (1982). Measurement of premorbid adjustment in chronic schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 8, 470–484.Find this resource:

Carpenter, W. T., Jr., Buchanan, R. W., Kirkpatrick, B., & Breier, A. F. (1999). Diazepam treatment of early signs of exacerbation in schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 299–303.Find this resource:

Caviness, V. S., Jr., Kennedy, D. N., Richelme, C., Rademacher, J., & Filipek, P. A. (1996). The human brain age 7–11 years: A volumetric analysis based on magnetic resonance images. Cerebral Cortex, 6, 726–736.Find this resource:

Censits, D. M., Ragland, J. D., Gur, R. C., & Gur, R. E. (1997). Neuropsychological evidence supporting a neurodevelopmental model of schizophrenia: A longitudinal study. Schizophrenia Research, 24, 289–298.Find this resource:

Chakos, M. H., Mayerhoff, D. I., Loebel, A. D., Alvir, J. M., & Lieberman, J. A. (1992). Incidence and correlates of acute extrapyramidal symptoms in first episode of schizophrenia. Psychopharmacological Bulletin, 28, 81–86.Find this resource:

Chouljian, T. L., Shumway, M., Balancio, E., Dwyer, E. V., Surber, R., & Jacobs, M. (1995). Substance use among schizophrenic outpatients: Prevalence, course, and relation to functional status. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 7, 19–24.Find this resource:

Chowdari, K. V., Mirnics, K., Semwal, P., Wood, J., Lawrence, E., Bhatia, T., et al. (2002). Association and linkage analyses of RGS4 polymorphisms in schizophrenia. Human Molecular Genetics, 11, 1373–1380.Find this resource:

Christison, G. W., Kirch, D. G., & Wyatt, R. J. (1991). When symptoms persist: Choosing among alternative somatic treatments for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 17, 217–245.Find this resource:

Chumakov, I., Blumenfeld, M., Guerassimenko, O., Cavarec, L. Palicio, M., Abderrahim, H., et al. (2002). Genetic and physiological data implicating the new human gene G72 and the gene for d -amino acid oxidase in schizophrenia. Proceeding of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, 99, 13675–13680.Find this resource:

Citrome, L., Levine, J., & Allingham, B. (2000). Changes in use of valproate and other mood stabilizers for patients with schizophrenia from 1994 to 1998. Psychiatric Service, 51, 634–638.Find this resource:

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Cohen, R. (1990). Event-related potentials and cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia. In H. Hafner, & W. Gattaz (Eds.), Search for the causes of schizophrenia (Vol. II, pp. 342–360). New York: Springer-Verlag.Find this resource:

Cohen, S., Lavelle, J., Rich, C. L., & Bromet, E. (1994). Rates and correlates of suicide attempts in first-admission psychotic patients. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 90, 167–171.Find this resource:

Cormac, I., Jones, C., & Campbell, C. (2002). Cognitive behaviour therapy for schizophrenia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.Find this resource:

Cornblatt, B. A. (2002). The New York high-risk project to the Hillside recognition and prevention (RAP) program. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 114, 956–966.Find this resource:

Cornblatt, B., Lenzenweger, M., Dworkin R., & Erlenmeyer-Kimling, L. (1992). Childhood attentional dysfunctions predict social deficits in unaffected adults at risk for schizophrenia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 59–64.Find this resource:

Cornblatt, B., & Obuchowski, M. (1997). Update of high-risk research: 1987–1997. International Review of Psychiatry, 9, 437–447.Find this resource:

Cosway, R., Byrne, M., Clafferty, R., Hodges, A., Grant, E., Abukmeil, S. S., et al. (2000). Neuropsychological change in young people at high risk for schizophrenia: Results from the first two neuropsychological assessments of the Edinburgh High-Risk Study. Psychological Medicine, 30, 1111–1121.Find this resource:

Crow, T. J., Done, D. J., & Sacker, A. (1995). Childhood precursors of psychosis as clues to its evolutionary origins. European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience, 245, 61–69.Find this resource:

Crow, T. J., MacMillan, J. F., Johnson, A. L., & Johnstone, E. C. (1986). A randomized controlled trial of prophylactic neuroleptic treatment. British Journal of Psychiatry, 148, 120–127.Find this resource:

Cullberg, J. (1999). Integrating intensive psychosocial therapy and low-dose medical treatment in a total material of first-episode psychotic patients compared to “treatment as usual”—a 3-year follow-up. Medicinski Arhiv, 53, 167–170.Find this resource:

David, A. S., & Cutting, J. (1994). The neuropsychology of schizophrenia. Hove: Lawrence Erlbaum.Find this resource:

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