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Contaminated land and public health

Contaminated land and public health  

Macklin Yolande, Foxall Kerry, Harold Paul, Uffindell Louise, Morrow Sian, and Kowalczyk George

in Essentials of Environmental Public Health Science: A Handbook for Field Professionals

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2014
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191763021
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780199682881.003.0006
Career: 
Doctor, Undergraduate Doctor, Qualified, early specialism training, Qualified, late specialism training, Qualified, specialist
Specialty: 
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682881
‘polluter pays’ policy, the current or previous site owners may be liable for the remediation if the local authority deems the land to be ‘ contaminated land ’ in the legal sense of the term. Public health professionals Public health professionals, such as those in Public Health England, Public Health Wales, or Directors of Public Health within Local Authorities, can provide additional expertise in carrying out human health risk assessments and assisting with the risk communication activities for concerned communities and members of the public. Where land contamination
Public health risk assessment of contaminated land

Public health risk assessment of contaminated land  

Sohel Saikat and James Wilson

in Essentials of Toxicology for Health Protection (2 ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191770838
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780199652549.003.0070
Career: 
Doctor, Undergraduate Doctor, Qualified, early specialism training, Qualified, late specialism training, Qualified, specialist, Nurse, Qualified Nurse, Allied Health Professional, Qualified AHP
Specialty: 
Public Health and Epidemiology, Clinical Medicine, Medical Toxicology, Emergency Medicine
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199652549
Chapter 10 Public health risk assessment of contaminated land Sohel Saikat and James Wilson Learning outcomes At the end of this chapter and any recommended reading the student should be able to: 1. describe and discuss the nature of land contamination and the UK's approach to regulation; 2. describe the principles used for assessing land contamination; 3. explain how toxicological and exposure assessment information are used in the UK to assess public health risks posed by land contamination; and 4. apply acquired knowledge to the analysis
Sources of toxicological information

Sources of toxicological information  

Robie Kamanyire and Nicholas Brooke

in Essentials of Toxicology for Health Protection (2 ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191770838
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780199652549.003.0041
Career: 
Doctor, Undergraduate Doctor, Qualified, early specialism training, Qualified, late specialism training, Qualified, specialist, Nurse, Qualified Nurse, Allied Health Professional, Qualified AHP
Specialty: 
Public Health and Epidemiology, Clinical Medicine, Medical Toxicology, Emergency Medicine
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199652549
effects on health of air pollutants. 5.3.4 UK agency guidance 5.3.4.1 Environment Agency: Contaminated Land Exposure Assessment The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) and the Environment Agency has published a series of reports that provide a scientifically based framework for the assessment of risks to human health from land contamination. The health criteria values and the soil guideline values (SGVs) published through the Contaminated Land Exposure Assessment (CLEA) programme are developed through an extensive process of consultation
Key concepts and framework for investigation

Key concepts and framework for investigation  

Camilla Ghiassee, Graham Urquhart, Raquel Duarte-Davidson, Jo Wilding, Charlotte Landeg-Cox, and Allister Gittins

in Essentials of Environmental Public Health Science: A Handbook for Field Professionals

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2014
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191763021
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780199682881.003.0003
Career: 
Doctor, Undergraduate Doctor, Qualified, early specialism training, Qualified, late specialism training, Qualified, specialist
Specialty: 
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682881
should the risk decision be challenged or audited (see Case Study Case Study 3.2: Human health risk assessment for a site that has high levels of contamination in soil 3.2 ). Conceptual models can be developed to show a schematic representation of the boundaries of the problem being considered by setting out the relationship between hazards, exposures, and environmental features before analysing these in more detail (see Figure 6.2 in Chapter Chapter 6 Contaminated land and public health 6 for an example). The level of detail provided in a conceptual model can
Communication in epidemiological studies

Communication in epidemiological studies  

Fred Woudenberg

in Essentials of Environmental Epidemiology for Health Protection: A handbook for field professionals

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2012
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Jan 2013
eISBN: 
9780191759116
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780199663415.003.0004
Career: 
Doctor, Qualified, early specialism training, Qualified, late specialism training, Qualified, specialist, Allied Health Professional, Qualified AHP
Specialty: 
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199663415
risks are perceived by the local communities. ◆ Denial does not work; the impact of perceptions is as real as any health risks are. ◆ Vague threats are more frightening than having a clear picture of the situation. ◆ Take the fears of people seriously and as an epidemiologist be willing to take steps to address these even if they are not necessary from a technical perspective. Adapted with permission from Communication on contaminated land , NICOLE, 2004 . Emotions and control: informing and involving people at an early stage offers a valuable opportunity
Risk assessment

Risk assessment  

Raquel Duarte-Davidson

in Essentials of Environmental Epidemiology for Health Protection: A handbook for field professionals

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2012
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Jan 2013
eISBN: 
9780191759116
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780199663415.003.0010
Career: 
Doctor, Qualified, early specialism training, Qualified, late specialism training, Qualified, specialist, Allied Health Professional, Qualified AHP
Specialty: 
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199663415
assessment was undertaken on the selected hazards). This risk screening process resulted in a shorter list of potential public health risks from a number of disposal options and exposure pathways. Table 10.2 shows a summary of the potential health risks and relevant pathways of agents to humans associated with the different carcass disposal options. For simplicity some hazards are grouped together. Table 10.2 Summary of potential health risks , disposal options and pathways Public health hazards Disposal option Pathway of agents to humans
Key principles and practice of health protection

Key principles and practice of health protection  

Sam Ghebrehewet, Alex G. Stewart, and Ian Rufus

in Health Protection: Principles and practice

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780191807510
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780198745471.003.0003
Career: 
Allied Health Professional
Specialty: 
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198745471
services to develop joint plans, surveillance, and service response. In our experience, the local partnership leadership role in environmental public health needs further development, since the interaction between agencies is highly dependent on the situation. For example, in contaminated land or air pollution issues, the local authority background work often lacks systematic public health/health protection input as the leadership role has not developed in parallel to EPRR and communicable disease control. At regional and national levels, health protection leadership
Introduction to Essentials of Environmental Public Health Science

Introduction to Essentials of Environmental Public Health Science  

Naima Bradley and Alec Dobney

in Essentials of Environmental Public Health Science: A Handbook for Field Professionals

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2014
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191763021
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780199682881.003.0001
Career: 
Doctor, Undergraduate Doctor, Qualified, early specialism training, Qualified, late specialism training, Qualified, specialist
Specialty: 
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682881
public health implications of public and private water supplies. Key sources of pollution are considered, such as agricultural activities, and their impact on private drinking water supplies is explored. Chapter Chapter 6 Contaminated land and public health 6 provides examples to enhance public health responders’ knowledge of contaminated land and adaptation of risk assessment methodologies for evaluating hazards and protecting exposed communities. Case studies identify good practice and challenges in assessing the impact of soil pollution on health. The chapter
Cancer and chronic disease clusters

Cancer and chronic disease clusters  

Alex G. Stewart, Sam Ghebrehewet, and Richard Jarvis

in Health Protection: Principles and practice

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780191807510
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780198745471.003.0017
Career: 
Allied Health Professional
Specialty: 
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198745471
Health . 2nd edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Health Protection Network . 2008. Communicating with the Public About Health Risks . Health Protection Network Guidance 1 . Glasgow: Health Protection Scotland. http://www.documents.hps.scot.nhs.uk/about-hps/hpn/risk-communication.pdf (accessed 8 March 2016). Scotland & Northern Ireland Forum for Environmental Research (SNIFFER) . 2010. Communicating understanding of contaminated land risks . Edinburgh: SNIFFER. http://www.sniffer.org.uk/files/6313/8202/5406/SNIFFER_risk_communication_booklet.pdf (accessed
Toxicology and its practical use in chemical incident response

Toxicology and its practical use in chemical incident response  

Virginia Murray and Rachel MacLehose

in Essentials of Environmental Epidemiology for Health Protection: A handbook for field professionals

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2012
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Jan 2013
eISBN: 
9780191759116
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780199663415.003.0009
Career: 
Doctor, Qualified, early specialism training, Qualified, late specialism training, Qualified, specialist, Allied Health Professional, Qualified AHP
Specialty: 
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199663415
chemical causes if there is a pathway back to a source. Conversely, if there is no pathway, then a source cannot cause illness in a receptor. Fig. 9.1 Source–pathway–receptor concept for toxic exposures. Adapted from Saikat, S. and Wilson, J. (2012). Public health risk assessment of contaminated land . In Baker, D. et al . (Eds.) Essentials of Toxicology for Health Protection—a handbook for field professionals (2nd edn.), pp. 125–35. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Copyright © 2012 with permission from Oxford University Press. In the mercury incident

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