Medical practices that were not part of conventional, Western medicine, have been part of all health systems, from the time that Western medicine was itself “complementary and alternative” to Ayurveda in 19th-century India. The division increased after the formalization of professional guilds in the 17th century and the Flexner Report in 1916 that established the domination of a more reductionist prevention and disease management system. These practices have been described with a variety of terms including “irregular medicine,” “unconventional,” “nonmainstream,” “unorthodox,” “quackery,” “folk,” “alternative,” “complementary,” and “adjunctive.” In the last 20 years, the terms “complementary and alternative medicine” (CAM) and, more recently, “integrative medicine” (IM) have emerged. Learn more about the history of Integrative Medicine, and the lesson to becoming a healthy world to transforming our thinking to approach to health.
Read Chapter 1: Learning from the History of Integrative Preventive Medicine to Address Our Current Healthcare Challenges, from Integrative Preventative Medicine.